What is Peer Review?
A peer-reviewed journal can be recognized by the following characteristics:
- It is concerned with academic study.
- The articles contain bibliographies of cited and related works.
- The articles are written and reviewed by experts in the field.
- The author's credentials and institutional affiliation are included.
- Often an abstract of the article is included at the beginning of the article.
- The articles report on original research, or reviews and evaluates material that has already been published, or expands and refines a theory.
- The journal is published by a professional association, society, research association, or academic institution.
Some of the databases, such as Ebscohost's Academic Search Complete, have a check box one can select to search only peer-reviewed journals, while the contents of other databases, such as Jstor and ScienceDirect, are completely peer-reviewed.